7.1.1 The basics of virtual machines¶ The basics: If you want to install a virtualization-specific program or application, you need to install the appropriate package.
That means you have to install virtual-storage-utils, virtual-image-utils and virtual-network-utils.
You can install these packages by running the following commands: $ sudo apt-get install –all-depends-on virtual-volume-utils virtual-file-utils VirtualBox, which is installed by default in Ubuntu.
The first time you run this command, you should see a message saying that virtual-volumes is installed and ready for use.
If you have installed virtual-images-utils or virtual-net-utils already, you’ll be prompted for those.
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-virtualbox-dev/ppa $ sudo ppa-repo update && sudo apt update $ sudo service virtualbox start If you are using virtual-tools, you can install it by running: $ virtual-tool-install –user virtual-media-utils –arch amd64 –user-install-dir /usr/share/virtual-tools/virtualbox.deb virtual-manager-installer This will install virtualtools, which includes the virtual-disk utility, the virtual network manager, and the virtual machine management tools.
You’ll also need to add virtual-drive-utils to your PATH.
The virtual-machine management tools are the same as those found in VirtualBox.
They are used to manage the hardware and software used to virtualize the virtual machines.
You install these tools by running this command: $ ppa_addvirtualbox ppa://ppa.virtualboxdev.net/virtual/virtual.git The following commands will add these tools to your virtual-box.yml file.
$ pkg install virtualbox $ virtualenv –path /usr /local/bin/virtualenv virtualbox.virtualenv This will create a virtualenv and create the virtual files, virtual directories, and virtual storage in /usr .
You can also add virtual machine specific tools like network-manager or network-services by running these commands: # apt-add-releases virtualbox-tools virtual-services virtual-management virtual-virtualenv $ sudo pip install -r requirements.txt $ sudo update-alternatives -y virtualbox virtualbox The next step is to install VirtualBox and the necessary tools.
$ virtualbox install –no-autostart This will download the latest version of VirtualBox from its official website and install it on your system.
The installer will ask you a few questions about your system, including which version of the operating system you want.
The easiest way to determine which version you want is to run the following command: # virtualbox help This will display a list of installed packages and their versions.
You should see all of them.
VirtualBox can be installed using the command line.
To install the latest release, use the command: VirtualBox -l The latest version can be downloaded from here: http://virtualbox1.virtualenvy.net/#latest/ The –no_autostamp option tells VirtualBox to run as a daemon.
To remove VirtualBox entirely, use: Virtualbox –no –autostamps This will remove Virtualbox from the system and install Virtualbox on top of it.
You may also be able to remove Virtual Machine from the computer by running a tool like vboxmanage or virtualboxd.
After the installation has completed, you will have a new directory in your home directory named /usr where you’ll find VirtualBox installed.
You might also want to create a new virtual machine.
This will be the only virtual machine you can start from the command prompt.
To create a VM, use this command and enter the parameters in the console: $ vboxcreate /home/user/my-new-vm-folder/vmname:my-vm This will add the name of the new VM to /home and create it.
Now, you may want to restart the VM.
You could do so by using the following: $ systemctl restart vmname $ systemd -t vmname This will restart VirtualBox as usual.
If there are any errors while running this, they will be reported as errors in your console.
If everything went well, you’re now ready to start your new VM.
$ vboot create /home/+user/+virtualbox/vm/myvm.vbs $ vbbset create /tmp/my_vm.vm $ vmcreate -m myvm This command creates a new VM with a new name.
You must replace the default username of the user running the virtualbox VM with the correct username.
You will need to specify the root password when creating the VM, otherwise you’ll get an error when trying to use it.
If the username is not correct,